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What prey do Wild Dog prefer to hunt?
Statistics indicate that kills in the Kruger National Park consist of 8% Kudu, 75% impala and 15% smaller antelope.
In Southern Africa they do not hunt adult wildebeest and zebra.
In Hwange National Park their diet consists of 54% impala and 23% kudu.
How successful are African wild dogs in their hunting efforts?
Statistics indicate that the prey has only ten to thirty percent chances of escaping from African wild dog hunting expeditions.
This compares to a six to eight in ten chance of evading an attack by lions or hyenas.
What do we know about their feeding habits?
They sometimes face intense competition from spotted hyenas that will team up with one another to push the dogs aside.
This makes speed very important when they feed to avoid the kill being stolen.
A pack of wild dogs is usually able to keep hyenas at bay because some of the dogs concentrate on guard duty while the others feed.
The larger the pack of dogs, the better their chances of keeping spotted hyenas at bay.
They do not fight with each other like lion and hyena do during feeding. They can eat 100 kilograms of meat from an adult kudu in 15 minutes.
A very important part of the wild dog hunting and feeding behavior is the division of the spoils after a successful hunt.
Some dogs do not participate in the hunt because they remain behind at the den to guard puppies.
When the pack returns from the hunt, these dogs will beg food from other members.
It does this by grinning, nudging and nibbling their lips, licking their faces, lowering its forequarters and raising its tail.
Puppies will usually be fed first. Sick and injured African wild dogs also receive a share of meat for as long as they remain with the pack.
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